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The History of the Future

The Class of the New

Building upon the analysis in Imaginary Futures, this 2006 OpenMute book explains the historical predecessors and later remixes of Daniel Bell’s concept of the knowledge class.

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The Davos Parallax

This science fiction story version of The Class of the New was written for the European Cultural Congress held in Wroclaw, Poland, on 8th-12th September 2011.

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Imaginary Futures – Introduction to the Polish edition

This introduction was written for Przyszłości Wyobrażone: od myślącej maszyny do globalnej wioski – the Polish translation of Imaginary Futures – which was published by Muza SA in 2010.

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Imaginary Futures – Introduction to the Brazilian edition

This introduction was written for Futuros imaginários: das máquinas pensantes à aldeia global – the Portuguese translation of Imaginary Futures – which was published by Editora Peirópolis in 2009.

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Read the Portuguese translation

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Interview about with O Estadão de São Paulo, 7th April 2013, in Portuguese

Virtual Dreams, Real Politics

This summary of the critique of McLuhanism in Imaginary Futures was published by Open Democracy on 5th July 2007.

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Read the ORF German translation

Imaginary Futures: frozen and fluid time

This summary of the opening and concluding chapters of Imaginary Futures was published by Open Democracy on 16th May 2007.

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New York Prophecies: the imaginary future of artificial intelligence [Science as Culture mix]

This anticipation of the first part of Imaginary Futures was published in Science as Culture, Number 2, Volume 16, 2007, pages 151-167 and in Geert Lovink, Richard Barbrook, Brian Holmes and Piratbryrån, Work Undone/Nezavršen Posao, Biro Beograd, 2009, pages 40-60.

Read the SaC version

Read the Serbian translation.

New York Prophecies: the imaginary future of artificial intelligence [Mute mix]

This 2004 article published in Mute, Number 28, pages 96-103, was the forerunner of the first part of Imaginary Futures.

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Read the RIXC Latvian translation


The Political Economy of the Net

Internet Ideology

This interview was made by Salvatore Iaconesi and Oriana Persico from REFF on 6th February 2010 at Transmediale ’10 in Berlin, Germany.

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Read the REFF: RomaEuropa Fake Factory Italian translation

Creative City Theses

This mini-manifesto was written for a talk on the Creative City at the Creative Class: Life & Work in Vienna event in Vienna, Austria, on 28th April 2008 and at the SPLAB: strategies for sustainable creativity conference in Malmo, Sweden, on 8th May 2008.

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The Hi-Tech Gift Economy

This article analysed how the anarcho-communist ideals of 1960s and 1970s community media activists influenced the development of the Net. It first appeared in First Monday, Volume 3, Number 12, December 1998.

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Read the First Monday version

Read the Libres Enfants du Savoir Numérique French translation

Cyber-communism: how the Americans are superseding capitalism in
cyberspace

This article was developed from a talk given at the 1998 Legacy of McLuhan conference at Fordham University, New York, USA. An early version was posted on nettime and the definitive text was published in Science as Culture, Number 1, Volume 9, 2000, pages 5-40.

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Read the nettime version

Read the Computerra Russian translation

Read the Multitudes French translation

Read the Folha de São Paulo Portuguese translation

THE::CYBER.COM/MUNIST::MANIFESTO

This short version of the Cybercommunism article was written for the 2000 N01SE exhibition at Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge and the Wellcome Institute, London, England.

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The Regulation of Liberty: free speech, free trade and free gifts on the Net

This article explained why legal prohibitions couldn’t prevent the growth of the hi-tech gift economy. It first appeared in the German on-line journal Telepolis, 14th September 2000.

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Read the Telepolis German translation

The Gift of the Net

This summary of The Hi-Tech Gift Economy article appeared in Open Democracy, 4th September 2003 and Spider: Pakistan’s Internet Magazine, November 2003, pages 56-59.

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The Napsterisation of Everything

This examination of the music industry’s failure to understand the economics of the Net appeared in The Commoner, Number 5, October 2002 and in Science as Culture, Number 2, Volume 11, 2002, pages 277-285.

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Read The Commoner version

Read the Multitudes French translation

Giving is Receiving

This article explaining why generosity is self-interest on the Net appeared in Passages/Passagen, Number 23, Winter 2002, pages 25-26 and Spider: Pakistan’s Internet Magazine, April 2004, pages 55-57.

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The Digital Artisans Manifesto

Written with Pit Schultz, this manifesto for the imaginary European Digital Artisans’ Union was written for the 1997 nettime conference held in Ljubljana, Slovenia. In 2000, the translated text was included in the ZKM exhibit at Expo 2000, Hannover, Germany.

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Read the nettime version

Kautsky in Cambridge

This review of the Immaterial Labour conference held in Kings’ College, Cambridge University, England on 28th-29th April 2006 was written for Mute.

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The Digital Economy

A translated version of this article on the mixed economy of the Net appeared in Freitag, 18th July 1997.

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FAQ Digital Work

This piece was written for the 1999 Next Five Minutes 3 conference in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

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Read the nettime version


Critiques of Cyberculture

The Holy Fools: a critique of the avant-garde
in the age of the Net [Long Mix]

Written in 1998, this anti-Deleuzoguattarian pamphlet was the first appearance of the concept of the hi-tech gift economy.

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The Holy Fools [Mute mix]

This shortened version of the pamphlet appeared in Mute, Number 11, 1998, pages 57-65. A remix of this article was published in Patricia Pisters (editor), The Micropolitics of Media Culture: reading the rhizomes of Deleuze and Guattari, Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam 2001, pages 159-175,

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Read the Telepolis German translation

Basic Banalities

This wall poster was written with Andy Cameron to provoke the Deleuzoguattarians assembled at the Virtual Futures ’95 conference held in May 1995 at Warwick University, Coventry, England.

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The Californian Ideology

Written in 1995 with Andy Cameron, this article was a pioneering critique of dotcom neo-liberalism. It was first published in the same year in Mute, Number 3 and subsequently in various versions and multiple languages. The definitive text appeared in Science as Culture, Number 26, Volume 6, part 1, 1996, pages 44-72.

Read the revised SaC version

Read the Telepolis German translation

Read the Hermès French translation

Read the Derive Approdi Italian translation

Read the Buldózer Hungarian translation

Hypermedia Freedom

This critique of John Perry Barlow’s Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace first appeared in a censored form in CTheory, global algorithm 1.5, 15th May 1996. The definitive text appeared in Peter Ludlow (editor), Crypto Anarchy, Cyberstates and Pirate Utopias, The MIT Press, Cambridge MA 2001, pages 47-58.

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Read the CTheory version

Read the Libres Enfants du Savoir Numérique French translation

Cybersalon

Richard is a trustee of Cybersalon – a London-based group which organises new media discussions, performances and festivals.

Read the Cybersalon manifesto

Read the Mobile Manifesto

Read the F.A.Q. Wearable Computing

Read the Cybersex Catechism

Cronopis Associats Interview

Andrés Lomeña of Cronopis Associats interviewed Richard Barbrook on 13th September 2007.

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Read the Cronopis Associats Spanish translation.

Memesis Critique

This demolition job on the thematic statement of the 1996 Ars Electronica conference was written for its ‘Future of Evolution’ Net Symposium.

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Never Mind the Cyberbollocks

This critique of Richard Dawkin’s memes theory was written for the 1996 Ars Electronica conference.

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Read the Rewired review of the Ars Electronica memes debate

Ars Electronica Interview

Willem von Weelden interrogated Richard Barbrook and Mark Dery about their contributions to the 1996 Ars Electronica conference.

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The Sacred Cyborg

This article was written in 1996 for a conference on Artificial Intelligence held at the Marstall theatre, Munich, Germany.

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Read the Telepolis English version

Read the Telepolis German translation

Electronic Democracy

This article appeared in an edited form in the New Scientist, 29 July 1995.

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The Pinnochio Theory

This review of Kevin Kelly’s Out of Control: the new biology of machines, social systems and the economic world was published in Science as Culture, Number 24, Volume 5, part 3, 1996, pages 459-66,

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Cultural Babbage

This review of Francis Spufford and Jenny Uglow’s Cultural Babbage: Technology, Time and Invention was published in an edited form in the New Scientist, 16th March 1996.

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Read the New Scientist version

Collective Intelligence

This review of Pierre Lévy’s Collective Intelligence: Mankind’s Emerging World in Cyberspace was published in an edited form in the New Scientist, 13th December 1997.

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Read the New Scientist version

Reviewing Rewired

This review of David Hudson’s Rewired: a brief (and opinionated) net history was published in Telepolis, 5th February 1998.

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Read the Telepolis German translation

Undercurrent Interview

A Canadian on-line journal questions Richard about his writings.

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Read the UNDERCURRENT version


Media Regulation

Media Freedom: the contradictions of communications in the age of modernity

Investigating how different interpretations of the right to free speech influenced the historical development of the French media, this book was published by Pluto Press in 1995. The pamphlet and article versions summarise and widen the arguments of the book.

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Read the Archive article version

Read the Source article version

Broadcasting and National Identity in Ireland

This analysis of how the political currents of Catholic nationalism and secular republicanism shaped the twentieth century Irish media was published in Media, Culture & Society, Number 14, Volume 2, April 1992, pages 203-227.

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Mistranslations: Lipietz in London and Paris

This 1990 article examines the different interpretations within the English Left of the French Regulation School’s remix of Marxist political economy. It first appeared in Science as Culture, Number 8, 1990, pages 80-117.

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American Theories of Media Deregulation

This 1988 paper on the application of neo-liberal economic theory to media regulation in the USA was written for the Centre for Communication and Information Studies of the Polytechnic of Central London (which later became the University of Westminster).

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Radio Broadcasting

Choice or Participation?: an analysis of British radio in the 1990s

This article on early 1990s community radio was published in Science as Culture, Number 15, Volume 3, part 2, 1992, pages 240-262.

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The Policeman of the Ether

This 1987 paper on the state regulation of American and British radio broadcasting in the 1920s and 1930s was based on Richard’s doctoral thesis for the University of Kent at Canterbury.

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F.M. Fatale

This description of the late 1980s London pirate radio scene was written for the Socialist Society’s Catalyst, Number 1, October-November 1989, pages 34-35.

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Digital Rhythms

This article on late 1980s electronic music was was written for the Socialist Society’s Catalyst, Number 2, December-January 1990, pages 34-35.

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In an ironic twist, at the height of the cold war, the US military was funding the invention of cybernetic communism.